Lesson 3 and 4

On March 26 our lesson was some useful repetition from the previous lesson (needed, because of the two-week break we had just taken).

Lesson 12 in Coffee Break Spanish is a great way to review numbers, days of the week and months of the year (which is what Marta covered in our review)

http://radiolingua.com/2009/01/lesson-12-coffee-break-spanish/

in addition, our little class worked on phrases like:

Hasta el domingo (days of the week, use el)

Hasta marzo (months of the year, do not use el unless saying “the month of March” = “el mes de marzo”)

————-

difference between

¿Qué es esto? (what is this) – something near

¿Qué es eso? (what is that) – something farther away…

————-

bicicleta (f)

¿Cuánto cuesta el carro?

===============

an aside – sometimes adjectives come before the noun and the meaning is changed slightly – eg grande. But usually adjectives are after the noun.

http://spanish.about.com/cs/grammar/a/whereadjective.htm

——————–

tú eres Mike (informal)

Usted es Mr Houston (formal)  http://answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20091025174231AAwuqUx

——————–

yo no soy gorda

———–

Habla (formal)

Hablas (informal)

tú  ellas una mujer

Usted es una mujer

Ustedes son mujeres

Ustedes son hombres

———-

Cien (100) but 110 is ciento diez (never cien diez)

dos cientos or (more common) docientos

Tres cientos

quatro cientos

but  quinientos “keenyentos”

——–

éste —-   plurales —-> éstos

éstos son autos

ésta ——-> éstas

éstas son casas

ésta es una casa

ésta takes an accent if it’s a pronoun, but if it’s followed by a noun then no accent (this is not super important and not noticed in conversation at all)

http://www.123teachme.com/learn_spanish/pronouns_el_ella_conversation

===========================

Ser (is the verb “to be”  http://www.spanishdict.com/conjugate/ser  I am, you are, she is, etc.)

Yo soy Elizabeth

Yo soy de Argentina

Speaking to one person directly you make the choice of formal or informal

(tú)  eres

(Usted) es

él/ella es   (note that “it” without gender, is never a subject)

PLURAL

nosotros/as somos  (if you use fem, then it refers only to a group of females. Mixed gender or all male is always masc.)

Nosotras somos Elizabeth and Margaret

Nosotros somos Deryk and Elizabeth

There is a “tú” version of plural that’s not used in Latin America (vosotros/as sois)

So use

(Uds) son (often just son hombres, son mujeres, etc.)

Singular                Plural

él/ella es            Ellos/as son

Formal is the same as third person

Ser is a very irregular verb!

Qué son éstos? (plural of ¿Qué es esto?)

Ser_spanish_verb

NEGATIVE

Always just “no” before the verb. Any verb. Any tense.

el no es alto.

INTERROGATIVE

2 ways

if it’s a direct question (e.g. could be answered with si or no) then

¿el es alto? and only intonation indicates that it is a question

Other, non-direct questions don’t really change intonation.

=========

Then we learned the new words from page 12

vaso

mesa

servilleta (un servilleta blanca, limpia (clean) sucia (dirty)

jarra

gasificada aqua

taza (pronounced “Tassa”)

cuchara

cucharita/cucharilla (note dimins are often ito/a or illo/a — illa and illo are only for things, ito/a can be things or people)

cuchillo

tenedor

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: