Lesson 3 and 4

On March 26 our lesson was some useful repetition from the previous lesson (needed, because of the two-week break we had just taken).

Lesson 12 in Coffee Break Spanish is a great way to review numbers, days of the week and months of the year (which is what Marta covered in our review)


in addition, our little class worked on phrases like:

Hasta el domingo (days of the week, use el)

Hasta marzo (months of the year, do not use el unless saying “the month of March” = “el mes de marzo”)


difference between

¿Qué es esto? (what is this) – something near

¿Qué es eso? (what is that) – something farther away…


bicicleta (f)

¿Cuánto cuesta el carro?


an aside – sometimes adjectives come before the noun and the meaning is changed slightly – eg grande. But usually adjectives are after the noun.



tú eres Mike (informal)

Usted es Mr Houston (formal)  http://answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20091025174231AAwuqUx


yo no soy gorda


Habla (formal)

Hablas (informal)

tú  ellas una mujer

Usted es una mujer

Ustedes son mujeres

Ustedes son hombres


Cien (100) but 110 is ciento diez (never cien diez)

dos cientos or (more common) docientos

Tres cientos

quatro cientos

but  quinientos “keenyentos”


éste —-   plurales —-> éstos

éstos son autos

ésta ——-> éstas

éstas son casas

ésta es una casa

ésta takes an accent if it’s a pronoun, but if it’s followed by a noun then no accent (this is not super important and not noticed in conversation at all)



Ser (is the verb “to be”  http://www.spanishdict.com/conjugate/ser  I am, you are, she is, etc.)

Yo soy Elizabeth

Yo soy de Argentina

Speaking to one person directly you make the choice of formal or informal

(tú)  eres

(Usted) es

él/ella es   (note that “it” without gender, is never a subject)


nosotros/as somos  (if you use fem, then it refers only to a group of females. Mixed gender or all male is always masc.)

Nosotras somos Elizabeth and Margaret

Nosotros somos Deryk and Elizabeth

There is a “tú” version of plural that’s not used in Latin America (vosotros/as sois)

So use

(Uds) son (often just son hombres, son mujeres, etc.)

Singular                Plural

él/ella es            Ellos/as son

Formal is the same as third person

Ser is a very irregular verb!

Qué son éstos? (plural of ¿Qué es esto?)



Always just “no” before the verb. Any verb. Any tense.

el no es alto.


2 ways

if it’s a direct question (e.g. could be answered with si or no) then

¿el es alto? and only intonation indicates that it is a question

Other, non-direct questions don’t really change intonation.


Then we learned the new words from page 12



servilleta (un servilleta blanca, limpia (clean) sucia (dirty)


gasificada aqua

taza (pronounced “Tassa”)


cucharita/cucharilla (note dimins are often ito/a or illo/a — illa and illo are only for things, ito/a can be things or people)




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