On March 26 our lesson was some useful repetition from the previous lesson (needed, because of the two-week break we had just taken).
Lesson 12 in Coffee Break Spanish is a great way to review numbers, days of the week and months of the year (which is what Marta covered in our review)
in addition, our little class worked on phrases like:
Hasta el domingo (days of the week, use el)
Hasta marzo (months of the year, do not use el unless saying “the month of March” = “el mes de marzo”)
¿Qué es esto? (what is this) – something near
¿Qué es eso? (what is that) – something farther away…
¿Cuánto cuesta el carro?
an aside – sometimes adjectives come before the noun and the meaning is changed slightly – eg grande. But usually adjectives are after the noun.
tú eres Mike (informal)
Usted es Mr Houston (formal) http://answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20091025174231AAwuqUx
yo no soy gorda
tú ellas una mujer
Usted es una mujer
Ustedes son mujeres
Ustedes son hombres
Cien (100) but 110 is ciento diez (never cien diez)
dos cientos or (more common) docientos
but quinientos “keenyentos”
éste —- plurales —-> éstos
éstos son autos
ésta ——-> éstas
éstas son casas
ésta es una casa
ésta takes an accent if it’s a pronoun, but if it’s followed by a noun then no accent (this is not super important and not noticed in conversation at all)
Ser (is the verb “to be” http://www.spanishdict.com/conjugate/ser I am, you are, she is, etc.)
Yo soy Elizabeth
Yo soy de Argentina
Speaking to one person directly you make the choice of formal or informal
él/ella es (note that “it” without gender, is never a subject)
nosotros/as somos (if you use fem, then it refers only to a group of females. Mixed gender or all male is always masc.)
Nosotras somos Elizabeth and Margaret
Nosotros somos Deryk and Elizabeth
There is a “tú” version of plural that’s not used in Latin America (vosotros/as sois)
(Uds) son (often just son hombres, son mujeres, etc.)
él/ella es Ellos/as son
Formal is the same as third person
Ser is a very irregular verb!
Qué son éstos? (plural of ¿Qué es esto?)
Always just “no” before the verb. Any verb. Any tense.
el no es alto.
if it’s a direct question (e.g. could be answered with si or no) then
¿el es alto? and only intonation indicates that it is a question
Other, non-direct questions don’t really change intonation.
Then we learned the new words from page 12
servilleta (un servilleta blanca, limpia (clean) sucia (dirty)
taza (pronounced “Tassa”)
cucharita/cucharilla (note dimins are often ito/a or illo/a — illa and illo are only for things, ito/a can be things or people)