Lesson 1

Feb 19 – Lesson One

Sounds of the alphabet:

VOWELS
a is like “car”
mamá – note accent is for stress and always points up to the right
lana
banana

e is like “test” (never sounds like ee)
me

i sounds like ee
si

o is something like “pot” and never like “oh”
no (mouth stays open)

u is like Soon
luna

consonants

b- quite flat
bata

c — before e or i sounds like “SS” cena (sounds like “sayna”)
c before a/o/u/ or consonant sounds like “K”
clase (“Klaseh”)
casa
cosa
cuna

CH (like English) Chile

d = soft (more like “TH”)
dia
adios
dedo

f = same as english

g before a/o/u/consonant is like “gate”

g befor e or i is like a strong “h” so genes sounds like “HENNES”

g plus U plus e/i then the u would be silent

guiso guitara

h is ALWAYS silent
hola
humo (sounds like “oomoh”)
húmedo
ahora (sounds like “a-ora”)

j – strong “H” Jose, Juan

l – same as Engish

ll (Mexico like a “Y” llama would be “YAMA”)
allá (means there) would be “AhYA”

m = like English

n = like English

ñ (NYA)
mañana año (year, not ano which is anus)
baño niño

q is always followed by a silent u
quieto (kee-ehto) means “don’t move ” (not ‘quiet’)

r – at beginning or end then rolled
Rosa Remo amor beber
r in middle of a word before a consonant is rolled (Marta, Carne)
before a vowel then soft — caro (expensive) barato (not expensive)

RR in the middle before vowel then rolled (carro – which is car or cart)

S – like in Sue (never a z sound)

t is a bit flatter than english

V in latino is “B” vino sounds like “BINO”

W only used in foreign names like Walter

X is always like KS in exquisite (not like english exam)
examen (“Eksamen”)

y is like Yet or sometimes a j like John but also as a single letter means and and is pronounced (ee)

z is like “SS” in “thanks”

NUMEROS
1
uno/a (OO-noh)
2
dos (doss)
3
tres (tress)
4
cuatro (KWA-tro)
5
cinco (SEEN-ko)
6
seis (SAISS)
7
siete (SYE-te)
8
ocho (O-cho)
9
nueve (NWAI-be)
10
diez (DYESS)

http://www.europa-pages.com/lessons/spanish-numbers.html

Gender

USUALLY….
Words ending in “o” are masculine
words ending in “a” are feminine
BUT there are many exceptions

Neuvo Sombrero (both word endings agree) many times this won’t work

GREETINGS
Hola
Buenos días or buen día
Buenas Tardes
Buenas Noches
Hasta mañana
hasta luego (when you expect to see someone later on the same day)
hasta pronto (see you soon)
Hasta la vista (till we meet again)

Introduction:
ésta es Elizabeth (female)

éste es Deryk (male)

BIG DISCLAIMER (all my notes are likely to contain errors)

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